UC Critical Mission Studies Conference 2021, Part II – Program


Critical Mission Studies:
From Truth Telling to Healing

Friday, November 12
Sunday, November 14th 2021  




University of California Critical Mission Studies Project
Kumeyaay Community College

Thank you to:
Sycuan Singing Hills Golf Resort
Condor Visual Media
Tribal Print Source




We request, for the safety of our guests and presenters, that all in person attendees be vaccinated against COVID.  Masks will be required at all events, indoor and outdoor.



Friday, Nov 12 2021
University of California, San Diego

NOTE: Registration is not needed for any of the LIVE STREAMED events.

Welcome, Keynote, and Dinner 4:00-6:15 pm  

Social Science Public Engagement Building (NTPLLN),
7th floor Conference room and Terrace
U.C. San Diego
Directions and parking information 

Welcome, by Dr. Stanley Rodriguez (Ipai Nation of Santa Ysabel, President Kumeyaay Community College)
Welcome, by Ross Frank (Ethnic Studies, U.C. San Diego)

4:15 Opening Keynote, “Knowledge Comes Before the Soul: Indigenous Truth Telling and the Politics of Intervening.” Dr. Jonathan Cordero (Ramaytush Ohlone/Chumash, UC Hastings)

Jonathan Cordero, Ph.D. (Ramaytush Ohlone/Chumash) is Founder and Executive Director of the Association of Ramaytush Ohlone, Visiting Professor in the Indigenous Law Center at UC Hastings, Visiting Scholar in the Spatial Sciences Institute at USC, and a California Indian Research Partner on the Critical Mission Studies grant. Dr. Cordero’s research revises previous scholarship on California Indian and Spanish relations during the Mission Period. He works as a consultant in both the public and private sectors, especially in the arts, and he serves as a leader, speaker, and activist in the broader Ohlone and Chumash communities.

5:15 pm Reception and Dinner
Public Engagement Building, North Torrey Pines Living and Learning Neighborhood, 7th Floor Terrace and Conference Room

6:30pm IYA: The Ex’celen Remember
Staged performance of Esselen history inspired by
Tribal Chairwoman of the Ohlone/Costanoan-Esselen Nation, Louise Miranda Ramirez, and written and curated by Luis xago Juárez of Baktun12.
North Torrey Pine Living and Learning Neighborhood West Lawn, U. C. San Diego
NOTE: Please bring something to sit on; chairs provided for elders and for those not able otherwise to sit comfortably
Directions and parking information
NOTE: The Saturday, 11/13 at 2:00PM performance of IYA: The Ex’celen Remember will be LIVE STREAMED.  There is also a Saturday, 11/13 performance at 6:30PM.


Saturday, November 13th
Sycuan Singing Hills Resort, El Cajon, CA

8:00am Buffet Breakfast and Welcome/Opening remarks in Magnolia Room: Dr. Stanley Rodriguez (Ipai Nation of Santa Ysabel, President Kumeyaay Community College)

Plenary Session: 9:00-10:30
Telling Truthful Mission Histories
Laurel Room


Session I: Telling Truthful Mission Histories, Magnolia Room

Welcome, Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation.

Michael Connolly (Campo Band of Kumeyaay), presiding

Telling the Truth: Mission History, Impact and Healing,” Valentin Lopez (Amah Mutsun)

“Beyond Anger: Building a Modern Relationship with the Old Mission San Luis Rey,” Carrie Lopez (San Luis Band of Mission Indians)

“Indigenous Histories of Mission Santa Cruz and Mission San Juan Bautista,” Alexii Sigona (Amah Mutsun, UC Berkeley) and Carolyn Rodriguez (Amah Mutsun, UC Los Angeles)

“Identifying the California Missions as Sites of Conscience,” Martin Rizzo-Martínez (Santa Cruz Mission State Parks)



Session II: 10:45-12:15

Session IIA: Reclaiming Histories and Homelands/Re-Indigenizing Place, Laurel Room

Olivia Chilcote (San Luis Rey Band of Mission Indians, San Diego State University), Presiding

“Reclaiming Homelands: Mapping Indigenous Place Names of North San Diego County,” with Amrah Solomon (UC Santa Barbara), Ami Admire (Rincon Band of Luiseño Indians), Esmeralda Salcedo (Rincon Band of Luiseño Indians), Priscilla Ortiz (Rincon Band of Luiseño Indians), Anthony Hurtado (Rincon Band of Luiseño Indians)

“We Survived This”: Ohlone Narratives of Colonialism and Belonging at Mission Dolores.” Abel Gomez (University of Oklahoma)

“Revitalizing Reciprocal Relations with Land: Amah Mutsun pathways to reconnection,” Alexii Sigona (Amah Mutsun, UC Berkeley) and Annalise Taylor (UC Berkeley)


Session IIB: Community-Initiated and Collaborative Knowledge Building, Magnolia Room  

“Decolonizing and Reconstruction of Kumeyaay Village Names and Locations,” Richard Carrico (San Diego State University), with Mike Connolly, (Campo Band of Kumeyaay, San Diego State University), Margaret Field (San Diego State University), Caitlyn Thompson (San Diego State University)

“Beyond Collaboration: The importance of long-term relationships for building a critical mission studies,” Matthew Kroot (Arizona State University)



Buffet lunch, Magnolia Room: 12:30-1:30 pm


Virtual Webinar Session:  Facets of Critical Mission Studies
Webinar view available in Laurel Room

Cutcha Risling Baldy (Hoopa Valley, Humboldt State University), Presiding

“‘Old Ventura, about whom little is known’: Indigenous Masculinities in California Mission Life,”  Debra A. Miranda (Ohlone Costanoan Esselen, Washington & Lee University)

“Continuing Work in the Santa Ana Mountains,” Nathan Acebo (University of Connecticut)

“Our Voices, Our Stories Digital Archiving for Narrative Sovereignty Community: Fernandeño Tataviam Band of Mission Indians, ” Pamela Villaseñor (Fernandeño Tataviam)


“Collaborative Archaeology at the Indian Family Housing Site, Mission San Juan Bautista,” GeorgeAnn DeAntoni (UC Santa Cruz)

“Uncovering the subaltern narrative at Mission La Purísima Concepción,” Kaitlin Brown (UC Santa Barbara)

“The Role of the Mission Archive in the US Federal Acknowledgment Process,” María Montenegro (UC Los Angeles)

When the Mad Ran the Madhouse,” Robert Perez (Apache, UC Riverside)



Session III: 1:45-3:15

Session IIIA: Kumeyaay Resistance at the California Missions, Alta y Baja (a multilingual panel discussion), Laurel Room,

Stanley Rodriguez (Ipai Nation of Santa Ysabel)

Ana Gloria Montes Rodriguez (Director of Tipay Hwaa)

Norma Mesa (Neji Reservation, Baja, Mexico)

Gilberto Arce (La Huerta Reservation, Baja, Mexico).


Session IIIB: Hauntings and Other Disruptions, Magnolia Room

Merri Lopez-Keiffer (San Luis Rey Band of Mission Indians, UC President’s Native American Advisory Council), Presiding

“Haunted Vestiges of the Mission Bell in California.” Bernard Gordillo (Yale University)

Trans-Mission Hauntings: Ama de Llaves Apparitions in Contemporary California Schooling,Cynthia Vasquez (UC San Diego)

“From Capitan Grande to Viejas, a Kumeyaay Story of Resilience,” Oletha Leo (Viejas Band of Kumeyaay Indians) and Ral Christman Sr. (Viejas Band of Kumeyaay Indians)

“Missions Begin with Blood.” Brandon Bayne (University of North Carolina)



Session IV: Closing Roundtable Plenary, Laurel Room
3:30-5:15 pm

“Kumeyaay Birdsongs,” Harry Paul Cuero (Campo Band of Kumeyaay)

Closing Roundtable Discussion: The future of Critical Mission Studies [cancelled]
4:15-5:15 pm  

Jonathan Cordero (Ramaytush Ohlone/Chumash, UC Hastings), Merri Lopez-Keiffer (San Luis Rey Band of Mission Indians, UC President’s Native American Advisory Council), Stan Rodriguez (Ipai Nation of Santa Ysabel, president Kumeyaay Community College), Valentin Lopez (Amah Mutsun), Caroline Ward (Fernandeño Tataviam)


5:30 pm Reception/Appetizers (Garden Patio)


5:30-6:30 pm. Laurel Room

5:30-6:30 Screening of “Walk with the Ancestors” documentary (12 minute cut) and Q&A with Caroline Ward (Fernandino Tataviam), Kagen Holland (Fernandeño Tataviam), Martin Rizzo-Martínez (State Historian for Santa Cruz County), Lloyd Molina IV (Chiricahua Apache & Pascua Yaqui).

6:30 pm Banquet/ Magnolia Room

Stan Rodriguez (Ipai Nation of Santa Ysabel, president Kumeyaay Community College), Host



Sunday, November 14th: Sycuan, and Baja, Mexico

8:00am Buffet Breakfast (Grab and Go starting at 6:00am)

Closing Sunday Morning Panel Reflection, “Who are the Sinners?: California Missions as Sites of Sin”
Valentin Lopez (Amah Mutsun)
Mark Day, Former Franciscan friar of 23 years
Jennifer Scheper Hughes (University of California)
Ross Frank (University of California)

Tour of Kumeyaay resistance and the attacks on the missions

6:00am Shuttles and carpools depart for the Mexican Border from Sycuan Singing Hills.
Border crossing at Tecate (car park)
Morning visit: Misión San Miguel Arcángel de la Frontera, La Misión, Baja, CA
Return to California (border crossing)
Afternoon visit: Mission San Diego de Alcala


CMS Final Conference
Paper Titles and Abstracts

Acebo, Nathan. “Continuing Work in the Santa Ana Mountains”

I discuss how the Black Star Canyon Village Project’s (BSCAP: 2013-2021) examination of Puhu village site in the Santa Ana Mountains has enabled stories of ancestral transmotion as a political form of autonomy in the Los Angeles Basin colonial hinterlands (1770–1848 CE). Second, I address recent updates on the project expansion, which includes new explorations orphaned collections, new survey work and mapping oral histories.


Brown, Kaitlin. “Uncovering the subaltern narrative at Mission La Purísima Concepción”

Each year thousands of visitors walk through California’s missions, but the absence of Native villages within these spaces evokes an indigenous absence. Recent archaeological investigations in 2019 at Mission La Purisima Concepcion recovered the daily practices of the Chumash community that lived there in the early nineteenth century and addressed the gap of indigenous presence by engaging with the local Chumash community and various publics. This project has helped shape a better understanding of indigenous resiliency and survival in the past and present.


Carrico, Richard, with Mike Connolly, (Campo Band of Kumeyaay, San Diego State University), Margaret Field (San Diego State University), Caitlyn Thompson (San Diego State University).

 “Decolonizing and Reconstruction Kumeyaay Village Names and Locations”

This presentation will provide the results of a careful, and on-going, examination of San Diego Mission Records to facilitate the reconstruction of Kumeyaay village names, clans, and locations circa 1769-1830. The study included linguistic analysis, translation of Spanish documents, and GIS mapping of more than 30 villages.


Christman Sr. Ral and Oletha Leo, “The trail to Viejas Reservation”

Working together, participant Ral Christman Jr. and collaborator Oletha Leo, both members of Viejas, envision compiling writing a book about the Capitan Grande Viejas Band of Mission Indians.  This book will focus on Capitan Grande: its families (schmuuls); their histories; histories of tribe as told by individual family members, oral histories about the Spanish Inquisition, and the Mission period, and the subsequent trajectory of the domination that began with the establishment of the Missions and culminates with the present.  These histories will be considered within the context of insights based on our understanding of creation stories and other sources of life in pre-contact times.  Thus, our goal will be to present some of the Family & Tribal histories out of Capitan Grande from a tribal perspective.


DeAntoni, GeorgeAnn. “Collaborative Archaeology at the Indian Family Housing Site, Mission San Juan Bautista”

This talk will describe the current collaborative research partnership between archaeologists from UC Santa Cruz, California State Parks, the Amah Mutsun Tribal Band and the Indian Canyon Mutsun Band of Costanoan Ohlone Indians. Our project design is a minimally-invasive paleoethnobotanical study examining the persistence of Native uses of food plants at Mission San Juan Bautista, specifically at the Indian Family Housing Site (likely occupied between 1820s-1850s).


Gomez, Abel. “We Survived This”: Ohlone Narratives of Colonialism and Belonging at Mission Dolores”

Though the California Missions were undoubtedly sites of terror, this paper engages Ohlone narratives of survival as a form of what Mishauna Goeman calls “(re)mapping” (2013) of mission sites as Indigenous land. Drawing on ethnographic fieldwork with Ohlone tribes, I argue that we can understand relationships Ohlone peoples sustain with California Missions by considering such places as Indigenous cemeteries, Indigenous churches, and especially both. This paper focuses particularly on Mission Dolores in San Francisco. While dominant narratives restrict “missionized” Indigenous peoples to an irrecoverable past, this paper theorizes California Missions as sites of Indigenous survival and enduring belonging to homeland.


Gordillo, Bernard “Haunted Vestiges of the Mission Bell in California”

My paper will explore the use of the mission bell as a symbol of state identity and heritage in California. Focusing on the El Camino Real Bell Markers, Raincross Bell of Riverside, and Mission Revival architecture, I will show the extent to which the pervasive appropriation of the mission bell, thinly disguised under elite settler notions of civic service and nostalgic associations, continues to re-inscribe a history of violence and erasure of the California Indians.


Gregor, Theresa. “Restor(y)ing the Santa Ysabel Mission (2017-2021) and Reconciling Critical Mission History,”

In 1816 the Padres at San Diego Mission de Alcala asked the Spanish governor of California for permission to establish an “Assistencia” or sub-mission for the 230 “Christianized” Kumeyaay living near the village of Elly’ kwaanan (Santa Ysabel). The actual founding by Father Fernando Martin is dated Sunday, September 20, 1818. In 2018, local community members, including tribal citizens from local Kumeyaay nations, formed a restoration and bi-centennial committee to restore the Santa Ysabel Mission. I propose to document the restoration process, which will include oral history and interviews of tribal community members to record their perspectives and understanding about Mission history. This paper seeks to present a local and critical analysis of California Mission Studies.


Kroot, Matthew. “Beyond Collaboration: The importance of long-term relationships for building a critical mission studies”

This presentation discusses the value of collaborators working together beyond a single project. We will describe our work on Teaching Ohlone History, Changing Public Memory, as well as the multiple other projects that various members of our team are currently engaged in together. We will include the voices of our Native and non-Native partners in order to describe the various benefits that each has derived from our extended relationships, beyond the single CMS grant, as well as the challenges that multiple projects can create for collaborators.


Miranda, Deborah A. “‘Old Ventura, about whom little is known’: Indigenous Masculinities in California Mission Life”

Spanning the Spanish Mission, Mexican Rancho and American Eras, my ancestor Ventura Cantua/Soto’s unusually long life gives us an intimate look at the brutal treatment of Indigenous masculinity throughout all three invasions, as well as the violent imposition of hegemonic masculinity. Most importantly, Ventura’s story allows us a glimpse of one Indigenous man’s efforts to survive “the way that both cultural identity and masculine identity are repressed and warped by imperialism” (Correale), using a very indigenous path: music.


Montenegro, María. “The Role of the Mission Archive in the US Federal Acknowledgment Process”

This presentation looks at the impact of the Mission Archive’s documentary economies – the place/Land it occupies, the records it holds, and the histories, practices, and discourses it supports – on Tribes petitioning for federal acknowledgement. Focusing on the Fernandeño Tataviam Band of Mission Indians’ petitioning process, I examine ways in which mission records affect tribal histories when used as evidence for recognition claims, the contradiction of Tribes having to mobilize mission records as evidence of their Indian existence when they were often created to erase such existence, and how these records are interpreted and/or misread by the Office of Federal Acknowledgement to shape judgments on federal recognition.


Sigona, Alexii, Carolyn Rodriguez, and Rob Cuthrell, “Indigenous Histories of Mission Santa Cruz and Mission San Juan Bautista”

Conventional historical writings and interpretive programs have often ignored or downplayed the brutal effects of the Mission system on California’s Indigenous peoples. Employing recent critical scholarly writings, ethnographic materials, and Tribal knowledge, Amah Mutsun Tribal Band is working to create brief historical overviews to share the true story of Indigenous experiences at Mission San Juan Bautista and Mission Santa Cruz. These histories will be distributed to the public in the form of booklets at State Parks’ visitor centers at the Missions, as well as through other venues.


Sigona, Alexii  and Annalise Taylor,  “Revitalizing Reciprocal Relations with Land: Amah Mutsun pathways to reconnection”

The violence of Spanish colonialism affecting California Indians during the Mission era has been the topic of growing attention and scholarly research. Our research specifically looks at the slow violence of land dispossession which has interrupted traditional knowledge systems and reciprocal relationships with land into the present day. Our work with the Amah Mutsun Tribal Band, a non-federally recognized and landless tribe, explores the myriad contemporary impacts of the Mission era. Our paper centers perspectives of Amah Mutsun Tribal Band members, Tribal resilience, and novel geospatial representations of Mutsun connections to land. We will discuss perspectives on the ongoing effects of land dispossession and pathways to reconnection with land, including the use of mapping tools for restoring ethnobotanical knowledge and access. We highlight the concept of reciprocal restoration, the mutual process of restoring land and culture, as a useful framework.


Villaseñor, Pamela, “Our Voices, Our Stories, Fernandino Tataviam”

Pamela Villaseñor is enrolled in the Fernandeño Tataviam Band of Mission Indians where she has worked tirelessly to help with the Tribe’s nation-building efforts. As Executive Advisor to the Office of the Tribal President, Villasenor manages tribal government initiatives including the development of the newly established Health and Social Wellness Department.  Villaseñor created, led, and participated in numerous projects for the betterment of the people. Her particular interest is the empowerment and wellness of her tribal community, especially initiatives focused on systems and transformational change. Thus, some of the projects Villaseñor has worked on include violence prevention, cultural arts, economic development, grants management, facilitation and training, and advocacy for the rights of the Tribe.



Critical Mission Studies

Critical Mission Studies  supports Indigenous perspectives on the California colonial missions and their aftermath. Through reconsideration of the missions as both physical places and objects of interpretation, we pursue new research collaborations that surface both Native and Mexican/Mexican-American voices in the history of California and the U.S.  Our research fosters more complex, multidimensional public engagements with difficult and traumatic histories.

Who We Are


The grant leadership structure reflects collaboration and partnership with diverse California Indian tribal nations and peoples who have been impacted by the history of the missions. The CMS Coordinating Committee is composed of the 4 UC Faculty Principal Investigators and 4 California Indian Research Partners. The Coordinating Committee receives guidance from the Advisory Board.

Principal Investigators

Charlene Villaseñor-Black (UCLA)
Renya Ramírez (UCSC) (Ho-Chunk/Ojibwe, enrolled Winnebago Tribe of Nebraska)
Jennifer Scheper Hughes (UCR)
Ross Frank (UCSD)

California Indian Research Partners

Chair Valentin Lopez (Amah Mutsun)  vjltestingcenter@aol.com
Prof. Yve Chavez (Tongva)  ybchavez@ucsc.edu
Dr. Stan Rodriguez (Santa Ysabel/Kumeyaay)  stan.rodriguez.1@gmail.com
Prof. Jonathan Cordero (Ohlone/Chumash)  jcordero@callutheran.edu


Critical Missions Studies Coordinating Committee

Principal Investigators and the California Indian Research Partners form the Coordinating Committee


CMS California Indian Advisory Board (12-15 members)

Current board members (as of January 2020) include (in alphabetical order): Cutcha Risling Baldy (Hoopa Valley), Julia Bogany, in memoriam (Tongva/Gabrielino), Olivia Chilcote (San Luis Rey/Luiseño), Mike Connolly (Campo/Kumeyaay), Theresa Gregor (Iipay/Kumeyaay-Santa Ysabel/Yoéme), Oletha Leo (Viejas/Kumeyaay), Merri Lopez-Keifer (San Luis Rey/Luiseño), Deborah A. Miranda (Ohlone Costanoan Esselen), Rudy Ortega (Tataviam), Louise Ramirez (Ohlone Costanoan Esselen), Charles Sepulveda (Tongva/Acjachemen), Tishmal Turner (Rincon/Luiseño), Caroline Ward (Fernandino Tataviam), Nakia Zavala, (Santa Ynez Band of Chumash Indians).

New nominations are welcome.  Nominations can be emailed to any member of the Board or Coordinating Committee, or can be sent to: CriticalMissionStudies@chicano.ucla.edu 

Critical Mission Studies receives financial support from the UC Office of the President, Multicampus Research Programs and Initiatives (MRPI), MRP-19-598854.


Memorandum of Understanding

Grant Methodology: A Partnership of Collaboration and Respect  

As co-Principal Investigators we will follow California tribal nations’ and communities’ research protocol regarding research subjects, methodology, and publishing. We will work together on any research endeavor in a transparent manner. Our commitment is to follow California Indigenous forms of culture based upon traditional ideas of equality and relationships that challenge settler colonial notions of hierarchy between men and women, Native and non-Native, and humans and non-humans. We acknowledge the historical trauma and its enduring effects for California Natives caused by the centuries long colonial experience, and especially the mission system.

Our project will be based on a collaborative methodology that highlights the importance of respect between California Native tribal nations, communities, and both Indigenous and non-Indigenous researchers and scholars. We will emphasize the importance of respect between everyone involved and we will regard each other as respectful allies across differences of race, class, gender, tribal nation — including those federally recognized, state recognized and non-recognized — as well as geography and age. We will highlight the importance of following respectful California Native and tribal nations’ research protocol about appropriate research topics, questions, publishing and methodology.

We will highlight everyone’s roles in this endeavor with respect for all contributions. In order to make lasting changes and impacts, it is essential that we work together as allies across our multiple differences. Rather than following hierarchical or top-down models of organization and communities, our goal is to work collaboratively in an equal and respectful manner. We will discuss in a model of transparency our various roles and contributions with all members of our collaborative intellectual community. We realize that the UC is not a decolonizing institution. Nevertheless, we are committed to a respectful and collaborative process within the confines of the UC grant and to the best of our abilities as researchers and faculty members.  The UC faculty Principal investigators bear the fiscal responsibility and budgetary accountability of the grant and therefore must follow the rules of the UC system.  The faculty PIs listen and follow California Natives’ leadership about research topics, methodology, publishing, and protocol, and at the same are obligated to remain fiscally and otherwise accountable to the rules, guidelines, and policies of the UC system.


The grant leadership structure reflects collaboration and partnership with diverse California Indian tribal nations and peoples who have been impacted by the history of the missions.

Critical Mission Studies Coordinating Committee

The Coordinating Committee is composed of the 4 UC Faculty Principal Investigators and 4 California Indian Research Partners. The coordinating committee has the following duties:
-setting and articulating research goals and priorities for the project;
-coordinating activities with campuses, communities, co-Investigators, and the CMS Advisory Board;
-assisting with organizing and supervising grant-wide major and milestone activities;
-constituting the ad-hoc selection committees for each call;
-reviewing research project reports.

Principal Investigators (4) – Charlene Villaseñor Black (UCLA, lead); Jennifer Scheper Hughes (UCR); Renya Ramirez (UCSC); Ross Frank (UCSD)

UC Principal Investigators have the additional responsibility to assure:
-CMS funds allocated to their campus are expended appropriately in accordance with the approved CMS budget;
-funded research is completed in a timely manner;
– compliance with research and grant protocols and with relevant with UC, state, and federal policies and regulations.
-Lead PI (Villaseñor) has the responsibility for distributing grant funds to the participating campuses, assuring compliance with the overall CMS grant budget, and completing required reports to the UC Office of Research.

California Indian Research Partners  (4)

California Indian Research Partners have the additional responsibility to:
-provide guidance and oversight about research questions, topics, publishing, and protocol;
-work in collaboration with a research team that may include UC co-PIs, postdocs, grad and undergraduate students;
– participate in meetings with UC co-PIs and with the CMS Board;
– engage in research related to CMS and present supported research at conference.

CMS California Indian Advisory Board (12-15 members)

Members are selected to reflect the diversity of those who were impacted and affected by the California missions, including California Indian tribal nations and peoples, whether recognized or non-recognized by the Federal or State government.

New members may be nominated by UC PIs, California Indian Research Partners, by existing board members, by their tribes, or may self-nominate. The CMS Coordinating Committee and the board vote to confirm additional members.

The CMS Board functions as liaison with larger CA Indian community.  It receives regular reports from the CMS Coordinating Committee regarding the activities of the grant, reviews the grant activities and budget, and works with the CMS Coordinating Committee to set the research direction solicited in the calls for proposals and selecting the CMS funded projects adhering to UC policies, standards and procedures.  The CMS Board has oversight regarding matters of California Native research protocol, publishing, and methodology.

The CMS Board functions as a self-governing body as to procedure and leadership and will decide by majority vote.  It will meet in person at least once per year of the grant with the Coordinating Committee and may be consulted as needed.

CMS Board members follow a model of respectful collaboration, listening to everyone involved across differences of age, race, gender, class, tribal affiliation, political status and age. CMS Board members understand that the UC co-PIs must follow UC policies, procedures and standards, including budgetary accounting, reporting, and processes for working within the UC system.

California Mission Studies Co-investigators – 1) Includes participating CA Indian UC faculty and other faculty researchers. All official co-Investigators must submit a CV for approval for inclusion to UC Office of the President. 2) All recipients of research and dissemination sub-awards from the grant are also regarded as Co-Investigators by the Coordinating Committee.